Is D.A.R.E. working?

According to the finding of a Gallup poll (July 1993) of students who have completed the D.A.R.E. program, more than 90 percent of those polled believe that the D.A.R.E. program provided them with the skills to avoid drugs, alcohol and violence. It further increased each student's self-confidence in dealing effectively with negative peer pressure. Approximately 94 percent of those students surveyed indicated that they now know how to respond when a friend asks them to do something they don't want to do. In terms of personal behavior and attitudes toward drugs and alcohol, 93 percent of students surveyed reported they have never tried marijuana, cocaine, heroin, crack or inhalants. Seventy five percent stated they have never tried a cigarette; and 70 percent stated they have never tried alcohol. Perhaps most important, seven of ten students stated that alcohol use is very dangerous and more than nine of ten students believe drug use is very dangerous to their health and well-being. The National Institute of Justice update (September 1994), study revealed that "D.A.R.E. has been extremely successful at placing substance abuse education in the nation's schools." Support for D.A.R.E. and user satisfaction were reported as "strong". In fact, compared to other prevention programs, D.A.R.E. received "substantially higher" ratings from such key audiences as school staff, students, parents and community representatives. D.A.R.E. showed to be most effective at increasing student's knowledge about substance abuse and enhancing their social skills. The effects of D.A.R.E. include increased positive attitudes toward law enforcement officers, the ability to resist drugs, and building of self-esteem. The study also found that D.A.R.E. appealed to students regardless of race. "Student's receptivity to D.A.R.E. was rated higher than other programs, particularly in districts with large proportions of minority students." Demand for D.A.R.E. is also reported as high. The study discovered that more than 40 percent of the drug use prevention coordinators plan to expand the program and 21 percent of those districts which do not have D.A.R.E. said they are interested in adopting the program.

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1. When did D.A.R.E. start?
2. What is D.A.R.E.?
3. Who teaches D.A.R.E.?
4. Is D.A.R.E. working?
5. How is D.A.R.E. funded?